The basic difference between Indian cow (Zebu) and European cows (Taurine) can be traced back to their ancestry when the ancient population of prehistoric Aurochs was divided into Indian and European subspecies. Indian Aurochs were the most ancient subspecies and led to the present stock of Indian Cows like Gir cow, Hariana, Sahiwal and Kankrej. Cattle farming in India was done not only for the value of Cow products but also for the spiritual importance attached to it.
European Aurochs were widespread in Europe and were hunted mostly for their meat. In due course of time, this domestication process gave rise to many breeds of European cattle like Jersey cow, Holstein Friesian (HF cow), Angus, Murray and Danish Red.
Cattle farming became a major part of agriculture and it is here that the Indian Cow and the European Cows evolved differently.
The most popular amongst the European cows are the Jersey Cow and the Holstein Friesian (HF cow). Unlike the Indian Cow, their distribution, adaptability, milk nutrition and variety in stock are very less. Their only value in cattle farming is the quantity of milk that they produce. Through research and numerous instances, Indian Cow has been shown to be more valuable.
So lets briefly profile our subjects to qualitatively compare their benefits.
Jersey cow and HF cow are the most sought-after European breeds. Jersey cows are bred on the channel island of Jersey, a dependency of United Kingdom. Like all other European cattle, the Jersey cow is also descended from European Auroch (Urus). HF Cows are a native of Netherlands and are boasted to be the highest milk producers.Of all the Indian cow breeds, let’s take a reference of the Gir cow. Gir cow is not only famous for the nutrition value of its milk but also for the hardiness and adaptability. Originating in the dry and harsh environment of Gir on Gujarat, the breed is our reference for Indian Cows
Professor Keith Woodford of New Zealand (A dairy producing country) has described the bad effects of Jersey cow’s milk in his book ‘Devil in Milk’. We would refer to his research and try to understand the difference between Indian Cow and the European variety (Jersey Cow/HF cow)
|General||Indian cow’s milk contains amino acids like Proline bonded with another amino acid Isoleucine, which is potent in fighting against many diseases like obesity, Joint pain, asthma, mental problems etc||On the other hand Jersey and HF cow’s milk contains a poisonous chemical named Casomorphine& due to this it is said to be responsible for diseases like diabetes, cancer, Heart Disease & Asthma.|
|A1 & A2||There is no standardization and categorization of Milk in India. Most of the people might not know that, in European countries, cow milk is categorized as A1 & A2. Indian cow milk is known as A2 Milk & Considered good for health.||Jersey cow milk is categorised as A1 Milk. Most of the people would be shocked to know that in European countries, Jersey cow’s milk is never used directly as it might cause serious health issues in the long run.|
|SuryaketuNaadi||Indian cow breeds (Zebu) have SuryaketuNaadi (Hump) on its shoulders which has been known to absorb Vitamin-D from the sun rays and release it in their milk. This is the only reason as to why only Indian cow’s milk contains vitamin-D.||Jersey and HF cows do not have suryaketuNaadi|
|Cholesterol||Indian Cow’s milk contains high levels of Omega3 that cleanses the cholesterol from the blood vessels. It also helps in disposing bad cholesterol from the body & increase good cholesterol.||Jersey Cow’s milk has not positive effect on cholestrol. On the contrary, it has been known to increase bacholestrol in the blood vessels.|
|Hygiene||Indian cows maintains hygienic, hardy and clever enough not to sit at dirty places. It also adapts itself as per the climate and can withstand extreme weather||Jersey/HF cows are known to be very lazy and highly prone to diseases. It has been also seen that they attract infection by not being hygienic enough.|
|Medicinal value||Indian cow has highly medicinal value. Cerebrosides present in their milk increases brain power, strontium enhances the body immunity and protects human body from harmful radiations. Not only milk, Indian cow’s urine, dung, ghee, curd also have invaluable medicinal properties. Cow products are used in PunchgavyaChikitsa to cure many harmful disease.||Jersey cow’s milk, dung, & urine have no medicinal value.|
|Organic Farming||Indian cow dung can be used in organic farming||Jersey cow dung cannot use in organic farming|
|Identification||Indian cows have a prominent hump (suryaketunaadi) , hanging dulip, long tail which can rotate a 360 degree angle, are friendly and sensitive by nature. Their physical appearance is curvy.||Jersey and HF cows do not have a hump, space between their back legs is bit high, they cannot walk on hilly surface and they are lazy|
|Pest control||Indian cow dung and urine can be used in pest-control||Jersey cow dung and urine is foul adored and cannot be used in Pest control|